Nowadays, most people now know the effects of a sunburn come out years later in the form of premature aging- like leathery skin, wrinkles and “sun spots.” Even worse, overzealous sunbathing can cause skin cancer. But, what if there was a way to completely erase all the damage done to your skin by the sun? What if you could wipe out wrinkles, sun spots, rough skin and even skin cancer… and do it in a fraction of the time it takes you to blink an eye?
Now, for the first time, researchers have actually seen how this enzyme works… on the atomic level… to repair sun damage. According to an article published in physorg.com, “The discovery holds promise for future sunburn remedies and skin cancer prevention. In the early online edition of the journal Nature, Ohio State University physicist and chemist, Dongping Zhong, and his colleagues describe how they were able to observe the enzyme called photolyase inject a single electron and proton into an injured strand of DNA. The two subatomic particles healed the damage in a few billionths of a second.”
According to the article, Ultraviolet (UV) light damages cells by causing bonds in the DNA to form in the wrong places. Photolyase seems to break up the “wrong” bonds and “reset” them so atoms in the DNA can move back to their original positions.
Photolyase is present in all plants and most animals… even insects and bacteria. Only mammals are missing this enzyme. According to the article, “Now that researchers know the mechanism by which photolyase works, they might use that information to design drugs or lotions that heal sun damage, Zhong said. Normal sunscreen lotions convert UV light to heat or reflect it away from our skin. A sunscreen containing photolyase could potentially heal some of the damage from UV rays that get through.” But until modern science actually comes up with the solution – the best thing to do is not get a sunburn.