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Conditions That Affect Men and Women Differently

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Conditions That Affect Men and Women Differently

Heart Attack

The telltale heart attack sign of feeling like there’s an elephant sitting on your chest isn’t as common in women as it is in men. Many women feel upper back pressure, jaw pain, and are short of breath. Or they may feel nauseated and dizzy instead. Though heart disease is the leading cause of death for both genders in the U.S., women are more likely to die after they have a heart attack.


Men are more likely than women to have serious cases of COVID-19, though it’s not clear why. It could be because men are more likely to have health problems, like high blood pressure, diabetes, and heart disease, that raise the odds for severe COVID-19 symptoms. Another possible reason: Women tend to have stronger immune systems than men, thanks to estrogen.

Multiple Sclerosis

Diseases that affect the immune system are often more severe in men. For example, MS affects many more women than men overall, but when it comes to the progressive form (PPMS), men get it in equal numbers to women. PPMS tends to be harder to diagnose and treat than the relapsing remitting form of MS.


Nearly 55,000 more women than men have strokes each year in the U.S. Common symptoms are sudden weakness on one side, loss of speech and balance, and confusion. But women often have additional or different symptoms: fainting, agitation, hallucinations, vomiting, pain, hiccups, and seizures. Women typically have a worse recovery after a stroke, too. 


Women are less likely to have symptoms with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) like chlamydia and gonorrhea. STDs can also lead to chronic pelvic inflammatory disease in women, causing fertility issues. Men seldom have such complications. The human papillomavirus (HPV) is also the main cause of cervical cancer in women, but it doesn’t pose a similar risk for men.

Hair Loss

Men are far more likely to lose hair as they age than women. Some 40% of women will have hair thinning or hair loss, but 85% of men will have thinning hair by age 50. Men tend to lose hair in the same pattern — their hairline goes farther and farther back. (This is called a receding hairline.) They may also get a bald spot on the crown of their head. Women have either thinning all over or random bald patches.


Hormones are often to blame for acne. Because women’s hormones shift during periods, pregnancy, and throughout menopause, they’re more prone to adult acne than men. Treatment can vary based on your sex, too. Doctors tend to prescribe meds that control hormones, like birth control, for women. Creams that you rub onto your skin are more common for men.


Women are more likely to say they’re stressed than men. Both sexes feel anger,  crankiness, and muscle tension at near the same rates from stress, but women more often say it causes a headache, upset stomach, or makes them feel like they need to cry. Men are less likely to feel physical symptoms during times of stress than women. 


Although women tend to get urinary tract infections (UTIs) more often, men’s UTIs are more complicated. They have different causes, too. Women most often get them because of bacteria from sex or poop (their urethra is shorter and closer to that area). Men’s UTIs are more likely to arise from something that blocks their urine stream, like an enlarged prostate or kidney stones.


women live with chronic pain (pain that lasts longer than 6 months and doesn’t seem to respond to treatment) than men. Their pain also tends to last longer and be more intense. Doctors are still trying to figure out why, but they think differences in hormones between the sexes may be to blame. 


Because women are more likely to get osteoporosis, it’s often overlooked in men. But men who have this lack of bone density and break a hip are twice as likely to die than women with osteoporosis who break a hip.

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Tryptophan does have special powers

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Tryptophan does have special powers

Tryptophan, an essential amino acid and building block for proteins, is used by the body to make niacin — vitamin B3 — which supports healthy digestion, nerve function and skin. It also helps produce the neurotransmitter serotonin, a hormone that affects your brain and guts (it’s made both places), helps nervous system cells communicate and promotes healthy digestion, strong bones and, yes, sleep. To top it off, tryptophan helps control body-wide inflammation and uplifts your mood.

Your body’s ability to use it for all that good stuff diminishes with age, and that has consequences. That’s the conclusion of a study in the journal Molecular Sciences. Researchers reported that just eight weeks on a low-tryptophan diet disrupts gut bacteria, triggering higher levels of systemic inflammation and reduced production of serotonin — in mice. They call this an “unnatural” process of aging that’s associated in humans with impaired digestive health, declining cognitive function and a compromised immune system.

So here’s your menu for a steady supply of tryptophan and a younger you: canned tuna (27 milligrams per ounce); poultry (20 milligrams per ounce in dark-meat turkey, 14 milligrams per ounce in light-meat chicken), oats (147 milligrams per cup), whole wheat bread (up to 19 milligrams per slice), chocolate (up to 18 milligrams per ounce) and fruits (banana 11 milligrams; a prune, 2 milligrams).

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Red and processed meat linked to heart disease, mega study says

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Red and processed meat linked to heart disease, mega study says

Eating beef, lamb, pork and processed meats will increase your risk of coronary heart disease later in life, according to a new meta-analysis of studies on over 1.4 million people who were followed for 30 years.

Also called coronary artery disease, the condition is the leading cause of death and disability globally. It develops when fatty deposits of cholesterol create plaque buildup on the walls of the arteries that supply blood to the heart.
    The risk for coronary heart disease increased as the amount of meat increased, according to the study published Wednesday in the journal Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition.
      For each 1.75 ounces (50 grams) of beef, lamb and pork eaten, the risk of coronary heart disease rose 9%. A recommended serving of meat is about 3 ounces (85 grams), the size of bar of soap or deck of cards, according to the American Cancer Society.
        For each 1.75 ounces (50 grams) of processed meats such as bacon, ham or sausage that were eaten, the risk rose by 18%.
        “Processed meat appears to be worse for coronary heart disease,” said study coauthor Anika Knüppel, a nutritional epidemiologist at the University of Oxford’s department of population health.
        Nine to 18% doesn’t sound like that much of a risk? It might if you consider few people eat less than 2 ounces of red or processed meat at any meal.

        No issue with poultry

        The report also delivered some good news for carnivores: There didn’t appear to be a link between eating poultry, such as chicken and turkey, and an increased risk of coronary heart disease.
        Considered lean meats, most types of poultry do not contain the levels of saturated fat as found in red meat, nor the high levels of sodium that are part of processed meats. Saturated fat plays a major role in the development of plaque on the walls of the arteries, a key contributor to the blockages associated with coronary heart disease. Sodium can raise blood pressure, also restricting the flow of blood to the heart.

        Switch to a plant-based diet

        Studies have shown the best diets to follow to reduce risk of heart disease are plant-based. In rankings for best diet for heart health by U.S. News & World Report, the Mediterranean diet tied with the DASH diet and the Ornish diet for top honors in best heart-healthy diet.
        The DASH diet is often recommended to lower blood pressure. Its premise is simple: Eat more veggies, fruits and low-fat dairy foods while cutting way back on any food high in saturated fat and limit your intake of salt.
        The meal plan includes three whole-grain products each day, four to six servings of vegetables, four to six servings of fruit, two to four servings of dairy products and several servings each of lean meats and nuts/seeds/legumes.
        Studies have shown that following this diet can reduce blood pressure in a matter of weeks.
        The Mediterranean Diet took the gold medal for overall best diet in the 2021 rankings. Such high accolades are not surprising, as numerous studies have found the Mediterranean diet can reduce the risk for diabeteshigh cholesteroldementiamemory lossdepression and breast cancer. Meals from the sunny Mediterranean region have also been linked to stronger bones, a healthier heart and longer life.

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        Best timing to consume proteins for muscles health

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        Best timing to consume proteins for muscles health

        Championing Chrononutrition with Protein, the Morning Elixir for Muscle Growth

        Researchers find the best time to consume proteins for building and strengthening muscles is during breakfast

        Proteins are essential for body growth and muscle building. However, protein metabolism varies depending on the body’s internal biological clock. Therefore, it is important to know how distribution of protein intake over the day affects muscles. Researchers from Japan have now found that consumption of proteins at breakfast increases muscle size and function in mice and humans, shedding light on the concept of ‘Chrononutrition’ that deals with the timing of diets to ensure organ health.

         Professor Shigenobu Shibata, recently endeavored to understand the effect of the distribution of protein intake through the day on muscles. 

        Prof. Shibata is hopeful that the findings of their study will lead to a widespread modification in the current diet regime of most people across the Western and Asian countries, who traditionally consume low amounts of protein at breakfast. He therefore stresses, “For humans, in general, the protein intake at breakfast averages about 15 grams, which is less than what we consume at dinner, which is roughly 28 grams. Our findings strongly support changing this norm and consuming more protein at breakfast or morning snacking time.”

        It seems, a simple change in our dietary regime can be our key to ensuring healthy muscles!


        Authors: 1,2,5.#Shinya Aoyama, 1,2,#Hyeon-Ki Kim, 1Rina Hirooka, 1Mizuho Tanaka, 1Takeru Shimoda, 1Hanako Chijiki, 1Shuichi Kojima, 1Keisuke Sasaki, 1Kengo Takahashi, 1Saneyuki Makino, 1Miku Takizawa, 3Masaki Takahashi, 1Yu Tahara, 4Shigeki Shimiba, 5Kazuyuki Shinohara, 1Shigenobu Shibata, Ph.D.

        Title of original paper: Distribution of dietary protein intake in daily meals influences skeletal muscle hypertrophy via the muscle clock


        1 Laboratory of Physiology and Pharmacology, School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University

        2 Organization for University Research Initiatives, Waseda University

        3 Institute for Liberal Arts, Tokyo Institute of Technology

        4 Department of Health Science, School of Pharmacy, Nihon University

        5 Department of Neurobiology & Behavior, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki University

        #equal contribution

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        Don’t be Conned by Artificial Sweeteners – A Dr. Oz Article

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        Don’t be Conned by Artificial Sweeteners – A Dr. Oz Article

        Turns out that you all have been equally conned by artificial sweeteners — they offer the illusion of sugary flavors with none of the health hazards, but it’s just make-believe.  

        We have known for a while that the sugar substitutes can fuel your sweet tooth and cause the body to crank up your sugar craving. But until U.K. researchers published their recent study in the International Journal of Molecular Sciences, it wasn’t known just how much damage saccharin, sucralose and aspartame can do to the lining of the walls of your intestine — letting harmful gut bacteria seep into your blood stream, congregate in your lymph nodes, liver and spleen and put you at risk for serious infections.  

        All it took was the equivalent of two cans of diet soda for the researchers to see that artificial sweeteners significantly increased harmful bacteria’s (E. coli and E. faecalis) stickiness to cells in the lining of the gut. That leads to increased formation of biofilms and opened up entryways for the bacteria to move throughout the body.  

        The bottom line: Cultivate a taste for the natural sweetness in foods like 100% whole grains, fruits, vegetables and spices. Just like vaping is not a healthy alternative to cigarettes, artificial sweeteners are not the way to avoid sugary foods

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        Dr. Lane’s Thoughts XXXV

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        Dr. Lane’s Thoughts XXXV

        1) The world of today in the US is politics not so much based on the
        personal as a worldview but based on the personal exclusively.  Young
        people do not have the concerns or issues that their parents have so their
        politics and needs reflect only what they know to be true.

        Basically, every person reading this lives their life through the
        following statement:

        “You think ________ is a problem?  That is not a
        problem!  Now, what I am facing is a problem.  __________ – that is
        an important issue!”

        The two blanks can be filled in with any of the following words
        but this list is not conclusive; just examples of what problems that people
        face that fill their every thought and they are absolutely certain is the
        main problem
         in their life: racism, sexism, rape, cancer, ageism, not
        getting into the ‘right’ school, failing out of their major, the ‘wrong
        clothes’, drug addiction,  losing a job, their body or face, their skin
        color, a robbery, anger at their parents, the loss of someone in their life
        through death or a breakup, homelessness, a medical bill, inability to get a
        job or get a job with a better salary, and so on.

        You just read that list and saw some of those items as trivial and
        some as horrible, or you identified with some of them as issues in your life or
        you have been through some of them and got past them.  In other words, you
        saw some as easily solvable and others as demanding a collective attention
        which could only be solved through many people seeing the problem as an
        important issue that ‘all of us’ should seek a solution to.  In other
        words, a political solution.

        What you did not read was that in every person’s life these are
        the problems that strain their knowledge and ability.  These are the
        problems that cause them to reach out to others and drain everyone’s patience
        and capabilities.

        This list was not filled with young person’s issues or one racial
        or ethnic group’s issues – simply these are issues that could affect any of us
        at any time in our lives.  More essentially, these are also issues that
        any person could dismiss as unimportant at any time in their lives because they
        do not impact on themselves or anyone they know [I will not indulge the idea of
        ‘as far as they know’ since hidden issues cannot be faced by people if they are
        out of their venue].

        The problems we face impact on the politics we follow.  I
        live in NJ where you do not have to drive too far to find areas which quickly
        go from much less populated to rural and farmland.  What you immediately
        see when you are in rural areas are small booths and shacks devoted to TRUMP
        memorabilia: the sale of items devoted to a bad former president who claimed to
        trumpet the needs of the common man while in office but actually spent the
        years enriching himself like a cheap autocrat out of any tiny nation (you can
        pick from a list of dozens but Haiti, Panama, many former soviet republics, and
        half of Africa come to mind). 

        In those communities the Trump shacks are not out of place and do
        not fear being vandalized.  Anyone would tell you that an OBAMA shack in
        those same places wouldn’t last 5 hours.  It is obvious that these Trump
        shacks exist in mostly white areas where the appeal of a white leader (of any
        kind) will always be considered more reasonable than a brown leader (of any
        kind).  For most of these white people, they do not know any brown people
        who aren’t celebrities on TV or the radio or, conversely, names mentioned on
        the news as victims or perpetrators of crimes.  For them, their problems
        are ‘white people problems’ and see the problems facing the US are the problems
        that face their community – which does not include brown people (or Jews,
        immigrants, or any other group that does not share their beliefs).

        We can write the same kind of paragraph about inner-city Blacks
        and their problems.  They may not have a shack selling OBAMA memorabilia
        but they do have leaders that lay the blame for the problems of the US on a
        history of Black enslavement, redlining, diminished opportunities for Black
        youth, crime and drugs. You can call these ‘Black people problems’.

        My next group of people to look at for illustrative purposes are
        rich people.  It doesn’t matter what we mean by ‘rich’ so much as to say
        people who do not have financial constraints on their choices in life and are
        not burdened by money issues.  These people have found themselves in a
        life separate from concerns about their skin color, their neighborhood, being
        able to pay a rent or mortgage, being able to pay a bill, or even who is in
        office representing their interests.

        For many of these people, getting their kids into the right
        schools to meet the right people, get the right grades, and get into the right
        career is tantamount in their lives and everything else cannot be as
        important.  These people do not look into a mirror and see an issue that
        needs to be dealt with or look around their neighborhood and see a problem that
        needs to be resolved.

        What rich people do see as problems besides getting their children
        on the right path is the continuing creep of ‘the underclass’ to invade their
        sacred spaces in employment, school selection, opportunities, and resources
        which they feel they are entitled to ‘because they earned it’ but also because
        they ‘are willing to pay for it’.

        Lastly, young people do not think that anti-Semitism or racism or
        Jim Crow laws are as much of a problem today but they see  low
        wages, lack of opportunities for the college-educated, high rents, crushing
        school debt, aging parents, and so on are the principal drivers of their crises
        in the US.

        So we have some groups: Rural White, Urban Black, ‘Entitled Rich’,
        and young people and they all have ‘problems’ that do not translate to problems
        for the other groups (we must concede that a person may be a member of more
        than one of these groups).  If anything, each group feels comfortable
        stating with confidence that they could ‘solve’ the other groups’ problems.

        In this way I have tried to illustrate politics in the US. 
        Donald Trump did not even try to solve the problems of poor White people while
        enriching himself – he only gave them the impression that he was the guy most
        likely to understand their problems based solely on his skin color.  Trump
        was more likely to look at issues that would assist rich people but they, in
        turn, only saw him for what he could do for them (but not as one of them due to
        his vulgarities, which were innumerable).  Barack Obama had the skin color
        of a group in the US but truly only stood with the ones he most identified with
        – the upwardly mobile, highly educated, erudite, ambitious, and well-read Black
        people.  He did not have patience for people who did not try to succeed.

        While closer to the source than her husband, Michelle Obama (who
        grew up in Chicago) was also a product of a strong family who saw themselves a
        separate from the greater population of Black Chicago.

        Your politics are based on what you consider to be your daily
        priorities, real or customary.  Every groupthink thrives on finding problems that impacts on them exclusively and having a villain who is the source
        of those problems or standing in the way of the resolution of the
        problem.  They are also convinced that if something changed to help
        them, exclusively, that all the other problems that the other groups face would
        fall into place and the ‘logjam’ of problems and issues facing all other groups
        would be cleared (e.g. the US would be a better place to live for all of us).

        But would solving the problems for one group – I mean really go to
        task to fix their problems uniquely – solve the problems for all?  For too
        long the US thought that working on the problems of White men without regard to
        any other group was the panacea for everyone in the US.  

        Nope, that did not work too well.  

        [The resentment percolating within all non-represented groups soon
        led to the necessity of constitutional change (Civil Rights Act, Women’s Right
        to Vote, and so on).  The solutions are for one group without regard to all others are
        not solutions at all.]

        2) I want to make something clear about why I think immigrants are
        great for this country.  Simply, if your name is not “Proud Feather
        Lightfoot” you are an immigrant, legal or otherwise.  Do you think that you are contributing to the greatness of this country?  Most recent immigrants are contributing!

        The real reason that immigrants are great is that, according to statistics, immigrants follow a simple pattern universally: they go to work in some industry, after two years they quit to start their own company or business (sometimes in the same industry and sometimes in other industries), then they employ other people to work for them.

        Read that last paragraph again: an immigrant who comes to this country in 2-3 years opens up a job opportunity for another person while simultaneously creating a job for another person (who usually is someone from their country). 

        Just to be clear – the US owes all of its greatness to its immigration of people from other countries.  Immigrants use our encouraging rules for business initiation and government programs to build, innovate, invent, and create to make us the leaders in every financial and business aspect.

        3) The changes in the US in regards to laws about marijuana are a great step in making this country more productive.  Less young people going to prison (and many less people in prison), more tax revenue from the sale of legal products, a different form of relaxation (unlike alcohol, marijuana does not lead to aggressive behavior), and the removal of the illicit side of marijuana which led into the criminally inclined parts of our society.

        When a drug is an intoxicant and not a stimulant the dangers to society are minimal.  We have already seen what happens when a readily available drug (alcohol) becomes illegal – it only feeds a criminal underworld with a money source that it should not have available.

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        Dance Training ‘Drastically’ Reduces Parkinson’s Progression, Eases Symptoms

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        Dance Training ‘Drastically’ Reduces Parkinson’s Progression, Eases Symptoms

        Dancing helps slow the progression of motor and nonmotor symptoms and improves quality of life for patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD), new research shows.

        Over 3 years, weekly participation in dance training classes “drastically” reduced the expected decline in motor function and significantly improved speech, tremors, balance, and stiffness, the researchers report.

        Dance training also appeared to have benefits regarding cognition, hallucinations, depression, and anxiety.

        “These findings strongly suggest the benefits of dance for people with PD as a supplement to a normal treatment regimen,” the investigators note.

        Although the mechanism of benefit is unclear, dance training may help “train neural network nodes that helps either strengthen networks damaged or builds neural roadmaps that pass the damage,” study investigator Joseph DeSouza, PhD, principal investigator and associate professor, Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Canada, told Medscape Medical News.

        The study was published online July 7 in Brain Sciences.

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        Little Evidence That Muscle Relaxants Work for Low Back Pain

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        Little Evidence That Muscle Relaxants Work for Low Back Pain

        Muscle relaxants, despite being widely prescribed for patients with low back pain, are not very effective, a new study suggests.

        A review and meta-analysis of 49 earlier studies found low-certainty evidence that non-benzodiazepine antispasmodics were associated with a small reduction in pain intensity but not a reduction in disability. Low- and very low-certainty evidence showed that the medications might increase the risk of an adverse event, according to the report published in The BMJ.

        “Our research study shows that on average, muscle relaxants provide only a small, non-clinically important reduction in acute low back pain,” said lead author Aidan Cashin, a researcher at Neuroscience Research Australia and the University of New South Wales. “That being said, the research is mostly poor quality and some muscle relaxants, particularly non-benzodiazepine antispasmodic medicines, may improve pain for some people. Large, high quality research is urgently needed to resolve uncertainties around the efficacy and safety of these medicines for low back pain.”

        These medications aren’t meant to cure low back pain, Cashin said in an email.

        “For most people it is very difficult to know with any certainty what is causing low back pain, and therefore many treatments try to provide pain relief rather than try to fix what might be causing the pain,” he added. “Muscle relaxants are commonly prescribed to reduce pain, not to cure whatever is causing the pain.”

        Regardless, it’s important to remind patients with low back pain that they shouldn’t take too much time off because of their painful backs, Cashin said. “No matter what medicines people with low back pain are taking, they should avoid staying in bed, and they should try to be active and continue with their usual activities, including work, as much as they can. [This is how we handle back problems in our office – Dr. Lane] High quality research shows that people who do this are more likely to recover faster and more completely.”

        SOURCE: https://bit.ly/3wsyJJG The BMJ, online July 7, 2021.

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        Stress May Turn Hair Gray, but Calm May Reverse It

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        Stress May Turn Hair Gray, but Calm May Reverse It

        Gray hair, jokingly referred to as stress highlights, is a visible sign of aging that has long been tied to personal pressure, but the theory is difficult to prove. Now, researchers say they can measure what is happening when hair grays, and provide early evidence that it can sometimes be reversed.

        Hair color is lost, and strands turn gray as melanin — a pigment found in the skin, eyes, and hair — declines.

        Before hairs emerge from the scalp, they grow under the skin in follicles that receive chemical and electrical signals, including stress hormones, from the body. Once they emerge, hairs harden, and their molecular structure is preserved and reflected in their pigmentation.

        Using high-resolution scanners, scientists can now detect small color changes in single strands of human hair.

        Researchers measured color loss in single strands of human hair from 14 volunteers who kept diaries to document the weekly levels of stress they experienced. The results were striking: As the volunteers experienced more stress, their hair lost pigment. But as the stress eased, their hair regained color, says Martin Picard, PhD, associate professor of behavioral medicine at Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York City, who led the research.

        The method they used to capture images of hair fragments so tiny they represent 1 hour’s growth, which allowed the researchers to assess pigment loss, was developed by Ayelet Rosenberg, a research assistant in Picard’s laboratory, who is first author on the study.

        And when hair color changed, the team saw variations in 300 proteins.

        They developed a mathematical model to predict what might happen to human hair over time and suggest there is a point in a person’s life when stress can temporarily induce loss of color, but that can be reversed if tensions ease.

        These findings add to a growing body of evidence indicating that aging is not a linear, fixed biologic process; it can be halted or even temporarily reversed.

        With a better understanding of the biologic basis of pigmentation loss, it’s possible that gray hair could one day be reversed with a visit to the doctor’s office instead of the hair salon.

        The research was funded by grants from the Wharton Fund and the National Institutes of Health.


        eLife: “Quantitative mapping of human hair greying and reversal in relation to life stress.” 2021;10:e67437.

        Martin Picard, PhD, associate professor of behavioral medicine, Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York City

        Ayelet Rosenberg, Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York City

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