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Why Your Bones Can Feel That It Will Rain

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Why Your Bones Can Feel That It Will Rain

Have you ever felt like you know when it will rain because your muscles and joints hurt?  Maybe it isn’t you who feels this way but someone in your family, usually older (whatever “older” means to you: that could be someone in your 20s, 30, 70s – I always say it is anyone 25 years older than you!).

So there are  these aches and you just know it will rain or some sort of precipitation (fancy word for something wet falling out of the sky in the form of weather).

So, why is that?  Why do people ache before water comes out of the sky?

Let’s figure this out: you are about 85% water.  You are many things but they are based in water.  If there is no water, then you are dust.   Solid things in the body depend on water so we are talking about  bones, ligaments and (ready for it?) MUSCLES!

The weather we are talking about iswater.  You are surrounded by water in the air and you are mostly water.

When the air PRESSURE (what meteorologists call “BAROMETRIC PRESSURE”)is getting ready to rain, or sometimes, snow (not so much because snow comes from higher in the atmosphere but “wet snow” is closer to the ground so this applies) that means that the “wet” in the air is pressing down the air.  The clouds are above you but they are pressing down the air.

AIR pressing down – got it?  AIR pressing down on WATER

Pressing down all water, even you, Mr. or Ms. Water!!  Your body is being pressed by this air pressure!

For those with aches and sensitivities your body is being squeezed and you hurt!  You will hurt until the pressure is lifted, e.g. the weather clears up.

That is why we all love a lovely blue sky with no air pressure!

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Let’s Get Rid of Belly Fat

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Let’s Get Rid of Belly Fat

Shape matters. If yours resembles a snowman or snow-woman (you know, three circles on top of each other), you’re ready for the four-step, bulging-belly makeover. Your goal: guys — a waist 35 inches or smaller; gals — 32.5 or smaller. Your reward: a flatter stomach, stronger heart feeling great!

We want you to ditch the front flab faster than Kim Kardashian goes through marriages, because belly fat elevates bad cholesterol (LDL) and triglycerides, spikes blood sugar and insulin resistance, and increases inflammation and blood pressure. Plus, it increases the risk of osteoarthritis and prostate and breast cancers, and ups the odds for dementia 80 percent. 

The good news? As your body loses that muffin top, you’re repairing your health. So say bye-bye to belly fat and … 

1. Hello, Fiber! A combo of apples, pears, peas, beans, oatmeal and strawberries can give you 10 grams of soluble fiber a day — what you need to chase away belly fat. 

2. Greetings, 100-Percent Whole Grains. Three servings a day of whole grains (oatmeal, two slices of 100-percent whole-wheat bread) — and no refined grain — could shrink belly fat by 10 percent. 

3. Welcome, Sweat Equity. A daily 30-minute fast walk, bike ride or swim burns off fat. Do it for a month; then add 20 minutes of strength training to fuel the fat-burning fires. 

4. Howdy, Slumber-Time. If you get seven to eight and a half hours of sleep a night you’re twice as likely to burn the fat and keep it off as someone who snoozes two to three hours less each night. 

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Weight loss after menopause tied to lower breast cancer risk

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Weight loss after menopause tied to lower breast cancer risk

Older women who lose weight may have a lower risk of developing invasive breast cancer than those who maintain or gain weight, a large U.S. study suggests.

While obesity has long been linked to an increased risk of breast cancer, previous research has offered a mixed picture of the potential for weight loss to help reduce that risk. For the current study, researchers assessed weight and height to calculate body mass index (BMI) for more than 61,000 women twice, three years apart.

Then, researchers followed women for an average of 11.4 more years. During this time 3,061 women developed invasive breast cancer.

Compared with women who had stable weight during the initial three years of the study, women who lost at least 5 percent of their body weight during those first three years were 12 percent less likely to develop breast cancer over the next decade or so.

“Our results are consistent with a woman being able to lower their cancer risk, even if they remain overweight or obese after losing some weight, since almost none of the women in our current cohort analysis lost sufficient weight to achieve normal weight,” said lead study author Dr. Rowan Chlebowski of the City of Hope National Medical Center in Duarte, California.

“That should be an encouraging result for women since modest sustained weight loss can be achievable by many, while weight loss sufficient to return to a non-obese or overweight category is quite difficult,” Chlebowski said by email.

All of the women in the study had gone through menopause, when menstruation stops and production of the hormone estrogen drops. After menopause, women’s main source of estrogen is fat tissue; being overweight or obese can increase the risk of cancer because estrogen can help tumors grow.

“Women who are overweight or obese likely have an increased risk of postmenopausal breast cancer due to increased hormone levels associated with fat cells,” said Dr. Daniel Schauer of the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, who wasn’t involved in the study.

“These hormones, especially estrogen, can promote the development of postmenopausal breast cancer,” Schauer told Reuters Health by email. “Losing weight decreases the levels of circulating hormones.”

Among the roughly 41,000 women in the study who had a stable weight during the initial three years, participants had an average BMI of 26.7, which is considered overweight.

The 12,000 women who gained weight during the study also started out with an average BMI of 26.7.

Women who lost weight started out heavier.

The roughly 3,300 women who lost weight unintentionally started out with a BMI of 27.9 and half of them lost more than 17 pounds. Women who lost weight intentionally began with an average BMI of 29.9, just shy of the cutoff BMI of 30 to be considered obese, and half of them lost more than 20 pounds.

Weight gain of 5 percent or more was not associated with an increased risk of breast cancer overall, the researchers report in the journal Cancer. But this amount of weight gain was associated with a 54 percent higher risk of developing “triple negative” breast cancer, an aggressive and difficult to treat type of cancer.

The study wasn’t a controlled experiment designed to prove whether or how weight changes over time might directly impact women’s risk of developing or dying from breast cancer.

Researchers only measured women’s weight twice, at the start of the study and again three years later, and any changes in weight women reported after that were not verified by medical exams.

SOURCE: bit.ly/2AreUsz Cancer, online October 8, 2018.

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Dementia risk: Five-minute scan ‘can predict cognitive decline’

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Dementia risk: Five-minute scan ‘can predict cognitive decline

A five-minute scan could be used to spot people at risk of dementia before symptoms appear, researchers claim.

Scientists used ultrasound scanners to look at blood vessels in the necks of more than 3,000 people and monitored them over the next 15 years.
They found those with the most intense pulses went on to experience greater cognitive decline over the next decade than the other study participants.
Researchers hope it may offer a new way to predict cognitive decline.
An international team of experts, led by University College London (UCL), measured the intensity of the pulse travelling towards the brain in 3,191 people in 2002.
A more intense pulse can cause damage to the small vessels of the brain, structural changes in the brain’s blood vessel network and minor bleeds known as mini-strokes.
Over the next 15 years, researchers monitored participants’ memory and problem-solving ability.
Those with the highest intensity pulse (the top quarter of participants) at the beginning of the study were about 50% more likely to show accelerated cognitive decline over the next decade compared with the rest of the participants, the study found.
Researchers said this was the equivalent of about an extra one to one-and-half years of decline.
Cognitive decline is often one of the first signs of dementia, but not everyone who experiences it will go on to develop the condition.

Healthy foodsImage copyrightGETTY IMAGES
Image captionHaving a healthy diet, doing regular exercise and not smoking can all help to stave off dementia, evidence suggests

Researchers said the test could provide a new way to identify people who are at risk of developing dementia, leading to earlier treatments and lifestyle interventions.
Controlling blood pressure and cholesterol, having a healthy diet, doing regular exercise and not smoking can all help to stave off dementia, evidence suggests.
Dr Scott Chiesa, from UCL, said: “Dementia is the end result of decades of damage, so by the time people get dementia it’s too late to do anything.
“What we’re trying to say is you need to get in as early as possible, identify a way to see who’s actually progressing towards possibly getting dementia and target them.”
However, the study, co-funded by the British Heart Foundation, does not contain data on which study participants went on to develop dementia.
Researchers next plan to use MRI scans to check if people in the study also display structural and functional changes within the brain that may explain their cognitive decline.
They also want to test whether the scan improves predictive risk scores for dementia which already exist.

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High blood pressure before age 40 tied to earlier strokes and heart disease

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High blood pressure before age 40 tied to earlier strokes, heart disease

(Reuters Health) – People who develop high blood pressure before age 40 have a higher risk of heart disease and strokes in middle age, two new studies suggest.

One of the studies followed 4,800 young adults in the U.S. and found elevated blood pressure before age 40 associated with up to 3.5 times greater risk of heart disease and strokes over about 19 years of follow-up.

The second study examined data on almost 2.5 million young adults in South Korea over a decade and also found high blood pressure before age 40 was linked to greater risk of heart disease and strokes. Women in this study had up to a 76 percent higher risk of cardiovascular disease, while for men the risk was 85 percent higher, compared to peers with normal blood pressure.

“Elevated blood pressure in early adulthood can result in heart attacks by several mechanisms, and these levels of blood pressure may progress to higher levels over time,” said Ramachandran S. Vasan of the schools of medicine and public health at Boston University.

“They are often associated with . . . other risk factors (such as excess weight, high cholesterol, high blood sugar and smoking) that synergistically elevate heart attack and stroke risk,” Vasan, author of an accompanying editorial, said by email. “They may promote damage to target organs including heart and arteries, thickening of the arterial walls and build up of cholesterol deposits/plaques in arteries, thereby creating a substrate (‘soil’, if you will) for future heart attacks and strokes.”

For the studies, both published in JAMA, researchers assessed high blood pressure using new, more aggressive target levels recommended by the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology in 2017. The new recommendations were based on emerging evidence suggesting that even slightly elevated blood pressure early in life might be a precursor to cardiovascular disease as people age.

Patients were classified as having hypertension when the “top number,” or systolic pressure (reflecting the pressure against artery walls when the heart beats), averaged at least 130 mmHG (millimeters of mercury).

They were also considered to have hypertension if the “bottom number,” or diastolic pressure (reflecting pressure against artery walls when the heart rests between beats), averaged at least 80 mmHG.

Before the new recommendations in 2017, people were not diagnosed with high blood pressure until they had measurements of 140/90 mmHG or higher.

Not all doctors have been treating patients using the new, more aggressive blood pressure target, in part out of concern that long-term use of medications to lower blood pressure might have side effects, such as diarrhea or constipation, dizziness, fatigue, headaches, nausea or vomiting or mood disorders.

While young adults with high blood pressure should consider the potential for medication side effects, they may be able to manage their blood pressure with lifestyle changes like eating better or exercising more and they should discuss these options with their doctor, said the senior author of the Korean study, Dr. Sang Min Park of Seoul National University Hospital.

“We have shown that hypertension even at a young age may be associated with higher risk for heart attacks or strokes,” Park said by email. “Therefore, young adults with hypertension should have their blood pressure monitored on a regular basis and manage their blood pressure levels by lifestyle changes or medications.”

Lifestyle changes are not only beneficial in reducing blood pressure and cardiovascular disease risk but could also lead to improved physical and mental health, Park noted.

Neither study looked at whether aggressive blood pressure treatment might stop people from developing heart disease or dying from it.

But the results still suggest that treating blood pressure more aggressively at a younger age might help minimize the risk of premature heart problems later in life, said the U.S.-based study’s lead author Dr. Yuichiro Yano of Duke University in Durham, North Carolina.

“Our study is among the first to report that people younger than age 40 who have elevated blood pressure or hypertension are at increased risk of heart failure, strokes and blood vessel blockages as they age,” Yano said by email.

SOURCE: bit.ly/2PQI24U, bit.ly/2qAZQD9, bit.ly/2PfMNFG and bit.ly/2PPqZjU JAMA, online November 6, 2018.

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Hugs might help avoid bad moods after disagreements

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Hugs might help avoid bad moods after disagreements

(Reuters Health) – People who get hugs are less likely to experience a bad mood after a disagreement than those who don’t receive this kind of affection, a small study suggests.

While close personal touch and meaningful social interactions with other people have long been linked to better physical and mental health, much of this research has focused on romantic or family relationships, researchers note in the online journal PLOS ONE.

The current study focused on adults who were typically not married or in long-term committed relationships, and still found a link between simple touch – hugs – and better moods after people experienced conflict.

For the study, researchers interviewed 404 men and women every night for two weeks about a wide range of activities and interactions they had experienced during the day as well as any positive or negative moods. Just 98 of the participants were married or in what they described as “marriage-like” relationships.

When people experienced conflicts, they noted a smaller decrease in positive emotions and a smaller increase in negative feelings when they had also received one or more hugs that day, the study found.

“We were not surprised to find that people who reported receiving a hug appeared to be protected against poorer moods related to experiencing conflict,” said lead study author Michael Murphy of Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

“This finding is consistent with multiple emerging lines of evidence demonstrating the ability of touch-behaviors within close relationships to reduce perceptions of threat and increase feelings of security and wellbeing,” Murphy said by email. “We were, however, at least somewhat surprised to find that there were no detectable differences between women and men in our study in the extent to which hugs protected against conflict-related negative mood.”

Overall, participants reported experiencing conflicts on an average of two days during the study; they reported receiving hugs, on average, on almost nine days.

On any given day, about 10 percent of participants experienced conflict and also received a hug, the study found. About 4 percent of participants on any given day experienced conflict but didn’t get a hug.

Marital status didn’t appear to influence the connection between hugs and mood. Neither did the amount of social support people perceived in relationships with others.

Although the connection between hugs and mood also looked similar for men and women, women did report more days of conflict and more days of hugs than men.

The study wasn’t a controlled experiment designed to prove whether or how hugs might directly impact mood.

However, social interaction and touch have long been linked to changes in the brain that can have a positive impact on physical and mental health, noted Dr. Guohua Li, director of the Center for Injury Epidemiology and Prevention at Columbia University in New York City.

“There are multiple plausible mechanisms that may help explain the observed benefits of hugs in reducing conflict-related negative moods, including perceptual, psychological and neurobiological pathways,” Li, who wasn’t involved in the study, said by email.

“It is well known that social interaction and engagement is essential to the long-term survival of all social animals from ants to chimpanzees and is beneficial to mental and physical health for children and older adults,” Li said.

“For infants, gentle and kind personal touch, dubbed as ‘kangaroo care’ is found to have strong therapeutic effects and facilitate positive neurodevelopmental and behavioral outcomes,” Li added. “This study indicates that the health benefits of social interaction and engagement, in the form of hugs, also apply to young and middle-aged adults.”

SOURCE: bit.ly/2E24nrD PLOS ONE, online October 3, 2018.

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‘Strongest Evidence to Date’ Ties Maternal Smoking to Psychosis

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‘Strongest Evidence to Date’ Ties Maternal Smoking to Psychosis

A Finnish study provides the most definitive evidence to date linking prenatal nicotine exposure to increased risk for schizophrenia in offspring, researchers say.
Investigators found a 38% increased likelihood of schizophrenia in young adults whose mothers smoked heavily while pregnant, as evidenced by higher maternal serum cotinine level.
“To our knowledge, this is the first biomarker-based study to show a relationship between fetal nicotine exposure and schizophrenia,” Solja Niemelä, MD, PhD, from University of Oulu, Finland, and colleagues write.
“Given the high frequency of smoking during pregnancy, these results, if replicated, may ultimately have important public health implications for decreasing the incidence of schizophrenia,” they conclude.
The study was published online May 24 in the American Journal of Psychiatry.

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Cannabis tied to serious type 1 diabetes complications

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Cannabis tied to serious type 1 diabetes complications

People with type 1 diabetes may be more likely to develop potentially fatal complications when they use cannabis, a recent study suggests.

Researchers surveyed 450 patients with type 1 diabetes in Colorado, where cannabis is legal for medical and recreational use. Overall, 30 percent of the participants used cannabis.

Compared to nonusers, cannabis users had about twice the risk of experiencing a serious complication known as diabetic ketoacidosis, which develops when blood sugar is elevated for too long and the body produces high levels of acids known as ketones. Left untreated, ketoacidosis can lead to severe dehydration, swelling in the brain, coma and death.

Some previous research suggests that for people with type 2 diabetes – the more common form linked to obesity – cannabis may make it easier to use the hormone insulin to convert foods into energy and maintain lower blood sugar levels, researchers note in JAMA Internal Medicine. But less is known about the impact of cannabis on people with type 1 diabetes, the less common form that typically develops in childhood and is caused by a breakdown in the body’s immune system.

The condition is typically treated with intravenous fluids to hydrate the body and replenish electrolytes and insulin to control blood sugar.

The study participants typically had poorly controlled diabetes, based on blood tests of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), which reflect average blood sugar levels over about three months. People with type 1 diabetes are generally advised to keep their HbA1c levels below 6.5 percent.

Participants who used cannabis in the study had average A1c readings of 8.4 percent, representing dangerously elevated blood sugar that can increase the risk of heart attacks, strokes, kidney failure, blindness, amputations and death.

Non-cannabis users had average A1c readings of 7.6 percent, still higher than ideal but not as dangerous as the levels for people who used marijuana.

More research is needed to understand the different impact of cannabis on people with different types of diabetes, said Dr. Annemarie Hennessy, dean of the School of Medicine at Western Sydney University in Australia.

“In type 1, individuals don’t make insulin and in type 2, it mostly doesn’t work well,” Hennessy, who wasn’t involved in the study, said by email.

Patients should still err on the side of caution and avoid cannabis, Hennessy advised.

Why cannabis would increase the likelihood of diabetic ketoacidosis is unknown,” Hennessy said. “But we have also shown that in the presence of cannabis, the diabetic ketoacidosis is harder to diagnose, and therefore it may be missed, with deadly consequences.”

SOURCE: bit.ly/2SNqw07 JAMA Internal Medicine, online November 5, 2018.

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Appetite Controlling Hormones

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Appetite Controlling Hormones

New research might help you stop overeating. 

We’ve talked about how being obese interferes with the proper functioning of your appetite-regulating gastrointestinal hormones leptin (“I’m satisfied”) and ghrelin (“Feed me!”). Well, researchers have identified why another appetite-regulating, gastro-hormone, uroguanylin, stops doing its job. Turns out it’s not obesity but overeating (especially carbs and bad fats) that keeps the hormone from telling you it’s time to stop taking in calories. 

The good news: Uroguanylin production cranks back up when you stop overeating, even before you lose weight! So: 

1. Eliminate processed carbs, bad fats and added sugars and syrups from your diet. Drink plenty of water. It helps control hunger. Stick with lean proteins from skinless poultry and fish. 

2. Eat all the vegetables and salad (easy on the dressing) you want. Toss greens with walnuts, 1/4 avocado, carrots, celery, bell peppers and artichoke hearts (in water)! 

3. Start an exercise routine – pretty much anything you can do to rev up your heartrate for a sustained effort of 30 minutes. And sleep 6.5-8 hours nightly; your gut hormones like that a lot! 

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Alzheimer’s: Why is the Brain Deteriorating?

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Alzheimer’s: Why is the Brain Deteriorating?
Ronald Grisanti D.C., D.A.B.C.O., D.A.C.B.N., M.S.

After considerable research it is interesting to bring you up to speed on documented evidence of things which answer the question. “Why is the human brain deteriorating faster than the rest of the body?”
There are a multitude of factors and today’s article will touch on a few and also provide some solutions.
For starters I find it disturbing and somewhat criminal that a common blood pressure medication called calcium channel blockers has been proven radiologically on MRI to cause brain shrinking. Research has shown that these drugs cause deterioration of the I.Q. within 5 years’ use.
Another medication used to lower cholesterol called Lipitor causes a decline in brain function. It is important to know that statin cholesterol-lowering drugs like Lipitor poison the liver’s synthesis of cholesterol. This in turn will starve the brain of cholesterol needed to repair the brain, renew worn out membranes, and stave off Alzheimer’s.
In fact, an excellent book, “Lipitor Thief of Memory” written by the respected medical doctor, former astronaut, aerospace medical research scientist, flight surgeon, and family doctor, Dr. Duane Graveline, shares his rapid mental decline after taking the drug Lipitor. Worth reading.
Even with all this hard evidence can you believe the pharmaceutical industry has created a potent drug which combines both the calcium channel blocker and a statin called Atorvastatin/Amlodipine (Caduet). Talk about a double punch to optimal brain function!
Moving on to another documented contributor of Alzheimer’s, we can’t forget the unavoidable heavy metals. We all have them in us and they poison brain repair enzymes, leading to Alzheimer’s.
For example, there is no one who doesn’t have aluminum in them, from eating out, aluminum cookware, aluminum flocculation agents in municipal drinking waters, aluminum in baking powders used in breads, processed and restaurant foods cooked in aluminum vats, industrial and vehicular exhausts, deodorants, antacids, and many other sources.
Aluminum causes the nerves in the brain to actually get tangled up (neurofibrillary tangles) as well as make a glue-like substance (called amyloid) to gum up the normal workings of the delicate brain electricity..
Now to provide some nutritional answers to reduce amyloid production we need to look no further than Phosphatidylserine (PS). This nutritional powerhouse has shown to perk up memory, and stave off Alzheimer’s.  One interested case showed PS in 3 months return the memory back to where it was 12 years earlier.
Most recently there has been evidence how DHA is an amyloid eater.
Well here is something even easier: green tea. Real organic green tea has over 3 catechins or polyphenols. They have been found to be potent preventers of amyloid deposition in the brain. Sencha Premium Organic Green Tea is by far the best I have found.
This short article is simply a glimpse of the research you won’t see promoted on CNN or Fox News. Of course this is sad. There is another side of the clinical management of many diseases that the public will rarely if ever be shown unless you are a reader of my weekly health reports or other alternative or functionally oriented heath professional reports or journals.
The take away from today’s article is to “NOT” be your own doctor but seek out the assistance and help from someone trained and skilled in functional medicine who can properly evaluate you and outline a personalized program to help you get well.  
To find a healthcare professional certified in functional medicine, go to www.FunctionalMedicineDoctors.com.These are clinicians who have been trained at Functional Medicine University (www.FunctionalMedicineUniversity.com)

Haque A, et al, Green tea catechins prevent cognitive deficits caused by AB1-40 in rats, J Nutr Biochem, 19:619-26, 2008
Behl C, et al, Vitamin E protects nerve cells from amyloid B protein toxicity, Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 186:944-52, 1992
Hashimoto M, et al, Docosahexaenoic acid provides protection from impairment of learning ability in Alzheimer’s disease model rats, J Neurochem, 81:1084-91, 2002
Rezai-Zadeh K, et al, Green tea epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) modulates amyloid precursor protein cleavage and reduces cerebral amyloidosis in Alzheimer transgenic mice, J Neurosci, 25:8807-14, 2005
Crook T1, Petrie W, Wells C, Massari DC.Effects of phosphatidylserine in Alzheimer’s disease.Psychopharmacol Bull. 1992;28(1):61-6.

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