‘More Plants, Less Meat = Less Diabetes,’

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‘More Plants, Less Meat = Less Diabetes,’ New Analysis Indicates

Middle-aged people who ate more plant-based foods — mainly semi-vegetarians but also vegetarians and vegans — were less likely to develop type 2 diabetes than their peers who ate more meat, fish, eggs, and dairy, in a large meta-analysis.

Overall, people with the highest versus lowest intake of any plant-based foods had a 23% lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes, independent of body mass index (BMI), in a 2- to 28-year follow-up, the new data show.
And those with the highest versus lowest intake of healthy plant-based foods — that is, fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and nuts — had a 30% lower risk of incident diabetes.
“To our knowledge, the present study provides the most comprehensive evidence on the association between plant-based dietary patterns and incidence of type 2 diabetes,” Frank Qian, MPH, Department of Nutrition, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, and colleagues summarize, in their article published online July 22 in JAMA Internal Medicine.
JAMA Int Med. Published online July 22, 2019. Abstract.

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